Fighting fossil fuels
All over the world, communities are fighting companies searching for natural resources on their lands. But the large-scale extraction of fossil fuels not only wreaks local environmental havoc – burning them is contributing to the global problem of climate change.
Here are the stories of some of the people who are fighting back, documented by photographer Luka Tomac.
Carlos Cenepo Pizango from Quechua San Martin, Peru
In 2014 the Peruvian government weakened the country's environmental protections. A new law made it easier for mining companies to enter the lands of indigenous people and rural farmers.
Carlos is a member of the Federacion de pueblo indigenas Quechua de San Martin which is fighting to defend the property rights of rural communities from new mining developments.
Pa Yusep, Gunung Karasik village, Indonesian Borneo
Despite intimidation from mining companies and the police, Pa Yusep and his community are standing up to coal mining in Indonesian Borneo.
Clearing of forest for the mines destroys sources of food and wood; drinking water is contaminated by mining waste; abandoned mines are left as wastelands. The government continues large-scale investments in coal, despite its pledges under the Paris Agreement.
Friends of the Earth Indonesia is campaigning to get mining permits revoked where companies break the law, pollute or avoid taxes.
When floods hit Bosnia, Serbia and Croatia in 2014 hundreds of thousands of people were forced from their homes – more, in fact, than during the whole Balkans war in the 1990s. Overall 1.5 million people were affected.
The floods demonstrated the region's vulnerability, and the fact that governments were not prepared. Some people waited 4 years for compensation and for their homes to be repaired.
Jairo Fuentesepiayu from Colombia
Many people were moved from their lands to make way for the huge new El Cerrejon opencast coal mine in the Guajira region of north-east Colombia. Jairo and others from the Wayuu indigenous community of Tamaquito have spent many difficult years negotiating with the government and mining company over their resettlement. Although they achieved a huge success with the mining company agreeing to provide new houses, they still do not have constant running water. They worry that the mine – which uses 17 million litres of water every day from a local river – will deplete the arid region's water resources.
The Niger Delta
Oil production has devastated the creeks and rivers of the Niger Delta since it began in the 1950s. Oil spills have wrecked the environment and the livelihoods of farmers and fishermen in the region. Water sources and land have become contaminated. The Ogoni people are urging the Nigerian government not to renew the oil company Shell's licence when it expires in 2019.
Working for Friends of the Earth Croatia, Luka is a photographer and storyteller.
His book - 1°C Rising – Stories from the front lines of climate change – is a collection of images and text which aims to bring to a wider audience the voices of communities fighting the impact of climate change and environmentally-destructive industries.
"Climate change is such a complex and abstract topic for many people – telling the human stories behind it can help audiences relate to the issue on a more personal level," he says.