Photo of sawn timber pile

Different types of wood timber: the A-Z of good wood

If repairing or reusing old wood isn't possible, here's a guide to buying new timber. Find out if it's from endangered trees, or from a sustainable source.
  Published:  01 Feb 2018    |      17 minute read

Friends of the Earth recommends repairing or adapting existing wooden items, using reclaimed timber, or buying locally-grown FSC-certified wood.

If that's not possible, use the table below to help you find the best alternative when buying new timber. It covers tree species information including:

  • common and scientific name *
  • whether it's threatened with extinction (see key below)
  • places of origin
  • common uses

* Listed alphabetically by common name and according to type of tree – eg American Cedar is listed under Cedar, American.

Trees provide us with so much more than timber. Please support Friends of the Earth's campaign to double tree cover in the UK by signing our petition. Thank you.

 

Tell the UK government to double tree cover to help tackle the climate emergency.

About The Good Wood Guide

The Good Wood Guide was produced in 1997 in partnership with Fauna & Flora International through Fenside Waste Management Ltd and The Rufford Foundation. If you have questions about forests, or anything else in the guide, please take a look at our links page.

Key to threat classification

  • CRCritically Endangered
    A very high risk of extinction in the wild
  • ENEndangered
    A high risk of extinction in the wild
  • VUVulnerable
    At risk of extinction in the wild
  • NTNear Threatened
    Close to qualifying as Vulnerable

Alphabetical list of different types of wood and timber

Woods beginning with A

Jump to: A   B   C   D   E   F   G   H   I   J   K   L   M   N   O   P   Q   R   S   T   U   V   W   X   Y   Z

Abura

Mitragyna ciliata

From: West Africa
Uses: Interior joinery.

Afara

Terminalia superba

From: Africa
Uses: Plywood, interior use.

Afrormosia

Pericopsis elataEN

From: West Africa
Uses: Furniture, joinery.

Afzelia

Afzelia spp.
A. africanaVU
A. bipindensisVU
A. pachylobaVU

From: West Africa
Uses: Top quality exterior joinery.

Agba

Gossweilerodendron balsamiferumEN

From: West Africa
Uses: Plywood, furniture.

Alder

Alnus glutinosa

From: UK, Europe
Uses: Minor utility products. Occasionally available as beams.

Alstonia

Alstonia spp.

From: Africa
Uses: Various, depending on density.

Andiroba

Carapa guianensis

From: South America
Uses: Turnery.

Andoung

Monopetalanthus spp.
M. durandiiVU
M. compactusVU
M. heitziiNT

From: Africa
Uses: Furniture, light construction, plywood, boxes and crates.

Antiaris

Antiaris spp.

From: Africa
Uses: Veneer, plywood, furniture, joinery, boxes and crates, light construction.

Apple

Malus sylvestris

From: UK, Europe
Uses: Minor craft items.

Asanfona

Aningeria spp.

From: Africa
Uses: Musical instruments, heavy construction, marine, furniture, flooring.

Ash, UK

Fraxinus spp.

From: UK, Europe, North America
Uses: Light coloured furniture, panelling, tool handles. Occasionally available as flooring.

Ayan

Distemonanthus benthamianus

From: Africa
Uses: Outdoor construction, marine construction, furniture, decorative veneers.

Woods beginning with B

Jump to: A   B   C   D   E   F   G   H   I   J   K   L   M   N   O   P   Q   R   S   T   U   V   W   X   Y   Z

Balau / Selangan batu /bangkirai

Shorea spp.
Many species areCR/EN/VU

From: South-east Asia
Uses: Heavy duty construction work.

Balsa

Ochroma lagopus

From: Ecuador
Uses: Model making, insulation.

Basralocus

Dicornia guianensis

From: South America
Uses: Marine and dock work.

Beech

Fagus spp.

From: UK, Europe, North America
Uses: Furniture, flooring, musical instruments. Regularly available as wood strip and woodblock flooring.

Berlinia, red

Berlinia spp.
B. occidentalisVU

From: Africa
Uses: Heavy construction, furniture and cabinetwork, veneers, panelling.

Bintangor

Calophyllum spp.
Some species are threatened

From: South-east Asia
Uses: General purpose timber, musical instruments.

Binuang

Octomeles sumatrana

From: South-east Asia
Uses: Plywood, light construction, furniture components, cabinetwork.

Birch

Betula spp.

From: UK, Europe, North America
Uses: General purpose timber, plywood.

Black bean

Castanospermum australe

From: Australia
Uses: Furniture, cabinetwork, joinery.

Black locust

Robinia pseudoacacia

From: Europe, America
Uses: Poles, agricultural implements, furniture.

Blackbutt

Eucalyptus pilularis

From: Australia
Uses: General purpose timber, construction (including marine), flooring.

Blackwood, African

Dalbergia melanoxylonNT

From: Africa
Uses: Musical instruments, craft products.

Blue gum

Eucalyptus saligna

From: Australia
Uses: General purpose timber, also used for paper. Occasionally available as wood strip flooring.

Boxwood, European

Buxus sempervirens

From: Europe
Uses: Turnery, craftwork, sports goods, musical instruments.

Bubinga Minor

Copaifera salikoundaVU

From: West Africa
Uses: Veneer, furniture. Regularly available as woodblock flooring.

Woods beginning with C

Jump to: A   B   C   D   E   F   G   H   I   J   K   L   M   N   O   P   Q   R   S   T   U   V   W   X   Y   Z

Caimito

Pouteria spp.
Several species are threatened

From: South America
Uses: Light construction, furniture, cabinet work.

Canarium

Canarium schweinfurthii

From: Africa
Uses: Light construction, furniture, veneer, plywood.

Cedar, American

Cedrela spp.
C. odorataVU
C. fissilisEN
C. lilloiEN

From: South and Central America
Uses: Cabinet making, boatbuilding, light construction.

Cedar, pencil (softwood)

Juniperus virginianaNT
J. proceraNT

From: J. virginiana: North America J. procera: East Africa
Uses: Specialist uses.

Cedar, western red (softwood)

Thuja plicata

From: North America,
Uses: Exterior use, cladding some UK plantations. Regularly available as beams.

Celtis

Celtis spp.

From: Africa
Uses: Furniture, cabinets, carving, veneer.

Cherry, European

Prunus spp.

From: UK, Europe, North America
Uses: Specialised crafted furniture and decorative work, musical instruments.

Chestnut, horse, UK

Aesculus hippocastanum

From: Europe
Uses: Minor goods, turnery and utensils. Regularly available as beams.

Chestnut, sweet

Castanea sativa

From: UK, Europe
Uses: Furniture, joinery, fencing. Regularly available as beams.

Chontaquiro

Diplotropis martiussi

From: South America
Uses: Outdoor and marine construction.

Coigue

Nothofagus dombeyi

From: South America
Uses: Furniture, joinery, mouldings, turnery.

Cordia

Cordia millenii

From: Africa
Uses: Exterior cladding, furniture, joinery.

Cottonwood

Bombax spp.

From: Africa
Uses: Plywood, blockboard, boxes and crates, furniture.

Curupay / Curapixa

Anadenanthera macrocarpa

From: South America
Uses: Heavy construction, flooring, turnery.

Woods beginning with D

Jump to: A   B   C   D   E   F   G   H   I   J   K   L   M   N   O   P   Q   R   S   T   U   V   W   X   Y   Z

Dafo

Terminalia brassii

From: South-east Asia
Uses: Veneer, furniture, cabinet work, joinery.

Dahoma

Piptadeniastrum africanum

From: Africa
Uses: Heavy construction, wharf decking, flooring.

Danta

Nesogordonia papaveriferaVU

From: Africa
Uses: Furniture, turnery, flooring, tool handles.

Denya

Cyclicodiscus gabunensis

From: Africa
Uses: External construction.

Durian

Durio spp.
Several species areVU

From: South-east Asia
Uses: Furniture, veneer, plywood, light construction.

Woods beginning with E

Jump to: A   B   C   D   E   F   G   H   I   J   K   L   M   N   O   P   Q   R   S   T   U   V   W   X   Y   Z

Ebony

Diospyros spp.
Several species areEN/VU

From: Africa, Asia
Uses: Cutlery handles, musical instruments, craftwork. Regularly available as antique escutcheons, door knobs.

Ekki / Azobe / Kaku West

Lophira alataVU

From: Africa
Uses: Sea defences, sleepers. Occasionally available as woodblock flooring.

Elm

Ulmus spp.

From: UK, Europe, North America
Uses: Furniture, joinery, flooring, external cladding. Regularly available as floorboards.

Woods beginning with F

Jump to: A   B   C   D   E   F   G   H   I   J   K   L   M   N   O   P   Q   R   S   T   U   V   W   X   Y   Z

Fir, Douglas (softwood)

Pseudotsuga taxifolia
P. menziesii

From: UK, Europe (plantations) North America
Uses: Plywood, structural work, sea defences. Regularly available as floorboards.

Fir, silver (softwood)

Abies alba

From: UK (plantations),
Uses: Building, joinery, packaging.

Freijo

Cordia goeldiana

From: South America
Uses: Joinery, veneer, construction.

Fromager

Ceiba pentandra

From: Africa, South America
Uses: Veneer, weak packaging.

Woods beginning with G

Jump to: A   B   C   D   E   F   G   H   I   J   K   L   M   N   O   P   Q   R   S   T   U   V   W   X   Y   Z

Gmelina

Gmelina arborea

From: Native to South Asia, timber is from tropical plantations
Uses: Light construction, packaging, furniture.

Gombe

Didelotia spp.
D. idaeNT
D. unifoliolataNT

From: Africa
Uses: Plywood, blockboard, veneers, particleboard, furniture, joinery.

Greenheart

Chlorocardium rodieiVU
Ocotea rodiaeiVU

From: Guyana
Uses: Sea defences. Regularly available as beams.

Guarea

Guarea cedrataVU
Guarea thompsoniiVU

From: Central and West Africa
Uses: Furniture and exterior work.

Woods beginning with H

Jump to: A   B   C   D   E   F   G   H   I   J   K   L   M   N   O   P   Q   R   S   T   U   V   W   X   Y   Z

Hemlock, western (softwood)

Tsuga heterophylla

From: UK, Europe (plantations) North America
Uses: Construction.

Hickory

Carya spp.

From: North America
Uses: Sports goods, tool handles, drum sticks.

Holly

Ilex aquifolium

From: UK, Europe
Uses: Craft work, inlays.

Hornbeam

Carpinus betulus

From: UK, Europe
Uses: Minor items, musical instruments.

Hyedua

Guibourtia ehieVU

From: West Africa
Uses: Interior construction, furniture, veneer, turnery.

Woods beginning with I

Jump to: A   B   C   D   E   F   G   H   I   J   K   L   M   N   O   P   Q   R   S   T   U   V   W   X   Y   Z

Idigbo / Emeri / Framire

Terminalia ivorensisVU

From: West Africa
Uses: Joinery and outdoor work.

Ilomba

Pycnanthus angolensis

From: Africa
Uses: General utility timber, furniture components, interior joinery, plywood.

Imbuja

Phoebe / Ocotea porosaVU

From: South America
Uses: Interior construction, furniture.

Ipe Peroba/ Ipe de Campos

Paratecoma peroba

From: South America
Uses: Furniture, interior joinery, decking, flooring, vats and tanks, veneers.

Iroko / Odum / Mvule

Milicia excelsaNT

From: Africa
Uses: Garden furniture, boatbuilding, flooring and joinery. Regularly available as wood strip and woodblock flooring.

Izombe

Testulea gabonensisEN

From: Africa
Uses: Turnery.

Woods beginning with J

Jump to: A   B   C   D   E   F   G   H   I   J   K   L   M   N   O   P   Q   R   S   T   U   V   W   X   Y   Z

Jacareuba

Calophyllum spp.

From: South America
Uses: General purpose timber, musical instruments.

Jarrah

Eucalyptus marginata

From: Australia
Uses: Outdoor construction, flooring, decking, sleepers. Regularly available as wood strip and woodblock flooring, occasionally as beams.

Jelutong

Dyera costulata

From: South-east Asia
Uses: Interior work, crafts, pattern making.

Jequitiba

Cariniana spp.

From: South America
Uses: Construction, furniture.

Woods beginning with K

Jump to: A   B   C   D   E   F   G   H   I   J   K   L   M   N   O   P   Q   R   S   T   U   V   W   X   Y   Z

Kapur

Dryobalanops spp.
D.aromaticaCR
Some other speciesEN

From: South-east Asia (Indonesia, Malaysia)
Uses: Exterior joinery and construction.

Karri

Eucalyptus diversicolor

From: Australia
Uses: Heavy duty outdoor construction, sleepers. Regularly available as wood strip and woodblock flooring, occasionally as beams.

Kauvula

Endospermum medullosum

From: South-east Asia
Uses: Furniture parts, minor items.

Kempas uses

Koompassia malaccensis

From: South-east Asia
Uses: Heavy construction.

Keruing / Yang / Curjun

Dipterocarpus spp.
Many speciesCR/EN

From: Indonesia, Malaysia
Uses: Strength applications in hidden work in furniture, building, and transport decking, plywood. Regularly available as flooring.

Khaya

(see: Mahogany, African)

Kokoti

Anopyxis klaineanaVU

From: Africa
Uses: Underwater construction and piling.

Kosipo / Omu

Entandrophragma candolleiVU

From: Africa
Uses: Furniture, flooring.

Koto

Pterygota sppP. macrocarpaVU
P. bequaertiiVU

From: Africa
Uses: Veneer, interior joinery, furniture.

Kussia

(see: Opepe)

Woods beginning with L

Jump to: A   B   C   D   E   F   G   H   I   J   K   L   M   N   O   P   Q   R   S   T   U   V   W   X   Y   Z

Larch

Larix decidua

From: UK (softwood) (plantations) Europe, Russia
Uses: General purpose timber.

Latandza

Albizia ferrugineaVU

From: Africa
Uses: Heavy construction, furniture, marine work, veneer.

Lati

Amphimas spp.

From: Africa
Uses: Interior joinery, veneer, mouldings.

Laurel,

Chilean Laurelia aromatica

From: South America
Uses: Veneer.

Lignum vitae

Guaiacum spp.
G. officinaleEN
G. sanctumEN

From: Central and South
Uses: Special bearings, tools, sports goods.

Limbali

Gilbertiodendron spp.
Several speciesVU

From: Africa
Uses: Construction (including marine), industrial flooring, panelling.

Lime

Tilia spp.

From: Europe
Uses: Brush backs, turnery, minor goods. Regularly available as antique carving.

Longui

Chrysophyllum africana

From: Africa
Uses: General purpose timber.

Louro (see also Greenheart)

Ocotea spp.
Several speciesVU

From: South America
Uses: Marine structures, heavy duty work.

Woods beginning with M

Jump to: A   B   C   D   E   F   G   H   I   J   K   L   M   N   O   P   Q   R   S   T   U   V   W   X   Y   Z

Mahogany, African

Khaya ivorensisVU

From: West Africa
Uses: Utility and decorative work, indoors and outdoors, from boatbuilding to furniture and joinery. Regularly available as woodblock flooring.

Mahogany, Brazilian

Swietenia macrophyllaVU

From: Central and South America
Uses: Joinery, high quality furniture, plywood. Regularly available as woodblock flooring, occasionally as beams.

Makarati

Burkea africana

From: Africa
Uses: Flooring, furniture, joinery.

Makore

Tieghemella heckeliiEN

From: West Africa
Uses: Joinery and wood work subjected to tough environments.

Mansonia

Mansonia altissimaEN

From: Africa
Uses: High class joinery and furniture.

Maple

Acer spp.

From: North America
Uses: Flooring, musical instruments. Regularly available as wood strip or woodblock flooring.

Mashonate / Guariuba

Clarisia racemosa

From: South America
Uses: Construction, furniture, mouldings, flooring, turnery.

Medang

Litsea spp.
L. leytensisVU

From: South-east Asia
Uses: Joinery, carving, furniture, light construction, veneer.

Mengkulang

Heriteria spp.

From: South-east Asia
Uses: Interior joinery.

Meranti / Seraya (parts of Malaysia) and Lauan (Philippines) Red, Yellow and White

Shorea spp.
Many speciesCR/EN/VU

From: South-east Asia
Uses: All types of joinery, framing, doors and fittings. Also used in plywood. Regularly available as woodblock and wood strip flooring, occasionally as beams.

Merbau

Intsia bijugaVU

From: Asia, Africa, Australia, (main source of timber is Indonesia, Malaysia)
Uses: Top quality exterior joinery. Occasionally available as wood strip flooring.

Mersawa

Anisoptera spp.
Many speciesCR/EN

From: South-east Asia
Uses: Light construction, furniture, plywood, veneer, marine construction.

Mora

Mora spp.

From: South America
Uses: Industrial flooring, marine and heavy construction.

Muhimbi

Cynometra alexandri

From: Africa
Uses: Construction, turnery. Occasionally available as woodblock flooring.

Muhuhu

Brachylaena hutchinsii

From: East Africa
Uses: High quality flooring subject to heavy wear. Regularly available as wood strip and woodblock flooring.

Muninga

Pterocarpus angolensisNT

From: Africa
Uses: Panelling and joinery. Regularly available as wood strip and woodblock flooring.

Mutenye

Guibourtia arnoldiana

From: Africa
Uses: Turnery, flooring, furniture, veneer.

Woods beginning with N

Jump to: A   B   C   D   E   F   G   H   I   J   K   L   M   N   O   P   Q   R   S   T   U   V   W   X   Y   Z

Niangon

Heritiera utilisVU

From: West Africa
Uses: Furniture.

Niove

Staudtia stipitata

From: Africa
Uses: Cabinetwork, joinery, decorative veneers, flooring, turnery.

Nyatoh

Palaquium spp.
Several speciesVU

From: South-east Asia
Uses: Exterior construction, fine furniture, veneer, musical instruments.

Woods beginning with O

Jump to: A   B   C   D   E   F   G   H   I   J   K   L   M   N   O   P   Q   R   S   T   U   V   W   X   Y   Z

Oak

Quercus spp.

From: UK, Europe, North America
Uses: Wide variety of applications, including joinery, furniture, fittings, flooring wood strip and woodblock flooring. Regularly available as reclaimed beams, floorboards.

Oak, Tasmanian

Eucalyptus delegatensis

From: Australia
Uses: General purpose timber, flooring.

Odoko

Scottellia coriacea

From: Africa
Uses: Interior and exterior construction, furniture.

Ogea

Daniellia spp.
D. klaineiNT
D. oblongaVU

From: Africa
Uses: Plywood, joinery, furniture, veneer.

Okoume

Aucoumea klaineanaVU

From: Gabon
Uses: Plywood.

Okwen

Brachystegia spp.
B. kennedyiVU
B. zenkeriVU

From: Africa
Uses: Flooring, veneer, general construction, joinery.

Olon

Fagara heitzii

From: Africa
Uses: Interior construction, furniture, veneers.

Opepe / Kussia

Nauclea diderrichiiVU

From: West Africa
Uses: Outdoor construction, marine defence, sleepers, flooring. Occasionally available as beams, woodblock flooring.

Woods beginning with P

Jump to: A   B   C   D   E   F   G   H   I   J   K   L   M   N   O   P   Q   R   S   T   U   V   W   X   Y   Z

Padauk

Pterocarpus spp.
P. indicusVU

From: India, Myanmar, West Africa
Uses: Joinery, flooring, boat-building. Regularly available as wood strip and woodblock flooring.

Panga Panga

Millettia stuhlmanii

From: Africa
Uses: Cabinet work, joinery, veneer, flooring, turnery. Regularly available as woodblock flooring, musical instruments.

Pau Marfim

Balfourodendron riedelianumEN

From: Brazil
Uses: Furniture making, flooring, construction, turnery.

Pear

Pyrus communis

From: Europe
Uses: Turnery, carving, drawing instruments, veneer.

Peroba Rosa

Aspidosperma spp.
A. polyneuronEN

From: South America
Uses: Fine furniture, veneer, cabinet work, flooring, interior trim and turning.

Persimmon

Diospyros virginiana

From: North America
Uses: Decorative ware, musical instruments, turnery.

Pine (softwood) various and types, also known as Redwood

Pinus spp.

From: UK, Europe (commonly in plantations), North America
Uses: General utility work. Regularly available as beams, floorboards, wood strip, woodblock flooring.

Pine, Parana (softwood)

Araucaria angustifoliaVU

From: Brazil (some plantations)
Uses: Joinery, plywood.

Pitch Pine (softwood)

Pinus spp.

From: Southern USA, Brazil (plantations)
Uses: Construction, plywood.

Plane, European

Platanus hybrida

From: Europe
Uses: Veneer, general purpose handles.

Poplar

Populus spp.

From: UK, Europe
Uses: Matches, turnery, minor craft goods.

Purpleheart

Peltogyne spp.

From: Central and South America
Uses: Heavy construction work, decorative purposes. Occasionally available as beams.

Woods beginning with Q

Jump to: A   B   C   D   E   F   G   H   I   J   K   L   M   N   O   P   Q   R   S   T   U   V   W   X   Y   Z

Quaruba

Vochysia spp.

From: South America
Uses: Carpentry, utility plywood, furniture components, interior trim, millwork.

Woods beginning with R

Jump to: A   B   C   D   E   F   G   H   I   J   K   L   M   N   O   P   Q   R   S   T   U   V   W   X   Y   Z

Ramin

Gonystylus bancanusVU

From: Malaysia, Indonesia
Uses: Mouldings.

Rauli

Nothofagus procera

From: South America
Uses: Furniture, joinery, mouldings, turnery.

Rosewood

Dalbergia spp.
D. nigraVU
Various speciesNT

From: Africa, South America, India
Uses: Furniture, musical instruments.

Rubberwood

Hevea brasiliensis

From: Malaysia (plantations)
Uses: Furniture.

Woods beginning with S

Jump to: A   B   C   D   E   F   G   H   I   J   K   L   M   N   O   P   Q   R   S   T   U   V   W   X   Y   Z

Sapele

Entandophragma cylindricumVU

From: West Africa
Uses: Furniture, joinery, decorative applications.

Sepetir

Sindora spp.
S. inermisVU
S. supaVU

From: South-east Asia
Uses: Furniture, veneer, light construction, household utensils, plywood, flooring.

Sequioa, red

Sequioa sempervirens

From: North America
Uses: Joinery.

Simpoh

Dillenia spp.
Several speciesVU

From: South-east Asia
Uses: Plywood, interior joinery, furniture and cabinetwork.

Spruce (softwood), also known as Whitewood

Picea spp.

From: UK, Europe (commonly in plantations), North America
Uses: General purpose timber. Regularly available as beams, floorboards, wood strip and woodblock flooring.

Sterculia, red

Sterculia rhinopetala

From: Africa
Uses: Light construction work, interior joinery, boxes and crates.

Swamp sepetir

Pseudosindora palustris

From: South-east Asia
Uses: Furniture, cabinetwork, joinery, flooring, plywood, veneers.

Sycamore

Acer pseudoplatanus

From: Europe
Uses: Turnery, veneers.

Woods beginning with T

Jump to: A   B   C   D   E   F   G   H   I   J   K   L   M   N   O   P   Q   R   S   T   U   V   W   X   Y   Z

Tali

Erythrophleum spp.

From: Africa
Uses: Flooring, heavy construction.

Tatajuba

Bagassa guianensis

From: South America
Uses: Furniture, flooring, joinery, heavy construction.

Taun

Pometia pinnata

From: South-east Asia
Uses: General purpose timber.

Tchitola

Oxystigma oxyphyllum

From: Africa
Uses: General purpose timber, veneer, plywood.

Teak

Tectona grandis

From: South-east Asia (also in plantations elsewhere)
Uses: High quality furniture, joinery, garden furniture. Regularly available as wood strip and woodblock flooring, occasionally as beams.

Teak, Rhodesian

Baikiaea plurijugaNT

From: Southern Africa
Uses: Exterior construction, flooring. Regularly available as wood strip and woodblock flooring.

Terentang

Campnosperma brevipetiolata

From: South-east Asia
Uses: Light general purposes.

Tiama / Edinam / Cedu nohor

Entandrophragma angolenseVU

From: Africa
Uses: Furniture, joinery, construction, flooring.

Tornillo

Cedrelingua cataeneformis

From: South America
Uses: General furniture construction.

Tulipwood / American poplar

Liriodendron tulipifera

From: North America
Uses: Mouldings, drumsticks.

Woods beginning with U

Jump to: A   B   C   D   E   F   G   H   I   J   K   L   M   N   O   P   Q   R   S   T   U   V   W   X   Y   Z

Utile / sipo

Entandophragma utileVU

From: West Africa (Ghana, Cote d'Ivoire)
Uses: Furniture, fitments, joinery, construction. Regularly available as wood strip and woodblock flooring.

Woods beginning with V

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Virola

Virola spp.
V. surinamensisEN

From: South America
Uses: Plywood, mouldings, interior joinery.

Vitex Minor

Vitex confassus

From: South-east Asia
Uses: Boxes and crates, utility furniture, joinery.

Woods beginning with W

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Wallaba

Eperua falcata

From: South America
Uses: Heavy construction, poles, industrial flooring.

Walnut, African /dibetou

Lovoa trichilioidesVU

From: West and Central Africa
Uses: Furniture and panelling.

Walnut

Juglans spp.

From: Europe, North America
Uses: Furniture, joinery, gun butts. Regularly available as antique panelling and veneered doors.

Walnut, Australian

Endiandra palmerstonii

From: Queensland Australia
Uses: Furniture, interior joinery and construction, veneers.

Wawa / Samba / Obeche / Ayous

Triplochiton scleroxylon

From: Africa
Uses: Kitchen furniture, mouldings, hidden work, plywood.

Wenge

Millettia laurentiiEN

From: Central Africa
Uses: Furniture, decorative veneers, speciality uses. Regularly available as woodblock flooring.

Willow

Salix spp.

From: UK, Europe
Uses: Cricket bats, basket work, toys and other items.

Woods beginning with Y

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Yew (softwood)

Taxus baccata

From: UK, Europe
Uses: Decorative veneer.